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Doctors/Yawotse VOVOR

Yawotse VOVOR

Cabinet Director at the Ministry of Development, Handicrafts, Youth and Youth Employment in Togo.

Supervisor: Pascal Glémain

Abstract

The organisation of artisans into cooperatives for the development of a local collective entrepreneurial model in Togo.

Handicraft is an economic sector that reveals many potentialities with local effects on both the economy and the social fabric. For a sector to be beneficial to a country's domestic economy, it is important that its activities be rather formal and therefore structured. This is why Recommendation 193 of the International Labor Office (ILO), adopted on June 20, 2002, suggests cooperative entrepreneurial structuring and the promotion of such cooperative enterprises. In the Togolese case, the informal nature of the artisanal activity and the quasi-nonexistence of cooperatives appear as elements that negatively affect the effectiveness of the various projects and programs initiated by the State to support and develop the activities of this sector. The establishment of such an organization is dependent on the incentives to enter into a cooperative, as well as the risks taken by the craftsman to cooperate. The main motivations and risks identified are economic and social for most surveyed artisans. They make it possible to define the possible actions to be implemented for the effective establishment of artisan cooperatives. Thus, a strategy based on three axes is proposed. Its implementation requires the involvement of the various "actors", such as: the craftsmen themselves, the State, the civil society, and the technical and financial partners. All of their actions must be carried out in synergy to ensure their effectiveness.

Keywords: Artisan, Craft activity, Grouping, Cooperative, Independence, Qualification, Profession

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