BSI Luxembourg ASBL
Château de Wiltz
He began his professional career in public education before joining the Nigerian National Society of Water (SNE), which will become a subsidiary of Veolia after his privatization. He has held senior management positions, from financial controller to HRD and DCF. In 2008, he joined the Multilateral Regulatory Authority (ARM) as a Financial Analyst and in 2013 he was appointed Chief Accountant and Financial Officer, following the transformation of ARM into ARTP. Since June 2016, he has been the Head of the Department “Studies and Prospective”.
Supervisor: Pierre-Jean BENGHOZI
Working with the Business Science Institute is a great opportunity for me to realize my dreams because it provides me with the chance to pursue my doctorate:
- under the supervision of a network of internationally renowned professors,
- without leaving my position,
- only being absent five (5) weekends throughout the programme,
- in pursuit of research resulting from my experiences and directly related to my professional practice.
I will also have the chance to defend my thesis before an international academic jury and, if possible, to have it published. This will enhance the image of my institution and showcase its regulatory practices.
His research focuses on the link between the organization of the Telecom Regulation Authority (ART) and the development of the telecom sector. Specifically, he asks whether the connection between the ART and the performance of the telecom sector is really tight or whether it is a mere illusion.
From the 2000s, the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) countries were forced to liberalize their telecommunication sector, not only by political will, but by donor's injunctions, which made it a condition of their financial support. In addition, technological progress had already brought competition into the sector through the mobile market and it was better to reform it rather than allow competition to settle in disorder.
This reform has mainly led to the setting up of National Regulatory Authorities (NRAs), whose role is to promote "effective and fair competition for the benefit of users" in the sector. They are thus supposed to contribute to the development and improvement of the productive performances of the operators of the sector. They are structured and organized to encourage operators to increase their investments in the sector, to promote coverage and access to the telecommunications service.
But over the past few years, the management of these entities has been fraught with financial scandals and the need to evaluate their usefulness is being felt. Very few studies have been done to assess their impact on the sector they are supposed to promote, let alone in the WAEMU countries.
To fill this gap, we undertook to explore the impact of these NRAs on the development and performance of the sector. We have thus constructed a database of eight (8) WAEMU countries over a period of 11 years from 2003 to 2013.
Using a multivariate analysis model with modalities of RNAs organization as explanatory variables and as variables to be explained, the indicators of development and performance of the sector, we tested the correlation that would exist between these variables. We also sought a typological classification of WAEMU countries according to the quality of the regulation.
The results we have achieved reveal a clear positive impact of some modalities of RNAs organization on the development of the telecommunications sector. On the other hand, some modalities have no impact and worse, others even have a negative impact. Indeed, as they are organized, RNAs only impact investments in the sector. They do not encourage the operators of the sector to increase the coverage and access to the telecommunications service of the population of this region; thus, the quality of the regulation leaves to be desired. This last point has already been noted by a study by the World Bank on the index of the quality of regulation from 2000 to 2014 which showed that WAEMU countries occupy the last places in Africa.
In addition, our study revealed that, due to the use of exogenous variables such as GDP/H and the weight of the rural population, demographic variables play an important role as well as a wealth “effect " on the performance and development of the telecommunications sector in WAEMU countries.
We believe that the underperformance of regulators is the result of human resources that lacks a certain expertise in regulation and, on the other hand, entrepreneurship due to the origin of the managers who are the most often from the administration. Indeed, they struggle to divest themselves of the spirit of civil servant in the management that is to say without precise and measurable objectives to be attained.
From a research perspective in the same field, a study integrating the quality of the BOARD and the proportion of economists and lawyers on technicians will test this hypothesis.
Keywords: regulation, the telecommunications sector in UEMOA countries, organizational arrangements for regulatory authorities, development and performance of a sector of activity.