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Doctors/Djawed SANGDEL


President SWISS UMEF UNIVERSITY. Professor of Leadership and Entrepreneurship.

Supervisor: Marc Bonnet


How to rethink the training model using a digital approach in developing countries (the case of Afghanistan).

There are numerous major problems in higher education in Afghanistan: difficulty of access, security, finance; while the demand for education and training of young people increases exponentially each year. The research we have undertaken has shown us how to put in place distance learning methods with or without an Internet connection to the network. Today in Afghanistan, there are no distance learning solutions offered. Our research dealt with the organization and the performance of distance higher education and a way to fill this need with or without connections to the Internet network. Educational policies take centre stage in the competitive and dynamic environment of the modern knowledge economy. The economic, social and political future of a country depends among other things on the education system that will enable it to develop not only on a short-term but also on a long-term basis.
In the areas in which we try to act on real cases in order to improve the situation, for instance by introducing new management tools such as knowledge management and performance monitoring of the Ministry of Higher Education, the learning model has been revisited via a digital approach in Afghanistan.
We have chosen to use the qualimetric approach (Savall and Zardet, 2004) an epistemological approach to management research that allowed us to develop a socio-economic approach to management by identifying the organisational dysfunctions that generate hidden costs in higher education which impact on the socio-economic development of Afghanistan. We have undertaken a new adaptation of higher education distance learning according to the situation in Afghanistan.
This integration can function as a driver of innovation and of modernisation of Higher Education distance learning in Afghanistan. This will allow Afghans living in the country as well as the diaspora to achieve a sustainable development of the country without requiring major investments. This thesis is relevant to all categories of the Afghan population (students, women, men, seniors, professionals, women staying at home and disabled or reduced mobility individuals).
We have developed a functional model with four options according to the situation of each citizen, which includes their localization. In other words, the educational programs are accessible to all citizens, whether they have registered or not. This system will have a midand long-term impact on society by creating a well-educated society. The persons who have registered will have access to four options – i.e. TV, radio, iPad and ePlatform, and will access as per their wishes and accessible means.
The advantage of this equipment is that it also works with a solar battery which can be reloaded, and which is available with the training pack.
This model does not require access to electricity, to a fast Internet connection, nor the use of complex ICT software.

Keywords: Governance, Innovation, Education, Distance learning, Qualimetric analysis, Socio-economic management, Organisational learning, Hidden costs and performance, Intervention-research, Finance and generic constructivism.

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