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Doctors/Constantin Naloyarè HIEN

Constantin Naloyarè HIEN

Senior Regional Accountant for Africa.

Supervisor: Michel Kalika

Abstract

The sustainability of local NGOs in Senegal.

One of the common challenges to all African countries is improving the living conditions of the people for whom they are responsible. This challenge is compounded by an intensive population growth, mainly of young people. A paradox that cannot be ignored is the fact that such a population should be a strong foundation for the development of these countries. However, extreme poverty persists, and the progress realized in many countries is masking some deep social and regional disparities (Ferrari, 2016). At the environmental level, to give just one example, natural disasters have a serious impact on the living conditions of these populations and are detrimental to food safety. In addition to these challenging, the lack of leadership, fund embezzlements, clientelism, mismanagement, etc., create deaths, desolation and sorrow among the populations. In the meantime, at a global level, there is a world economic crisis and wars that lead to a disturbing scarcity of a wide variety of resources. As a result, in Senegal for example, international solidarity and cooperation actors are working hard in order to reverse the negative trends of this disquieting situation. Among them, our attention turned to local NGOs, whose actions supporting development are increasing. Unfortunately, the gap between their willingness and their operational capacities is so deep that it is hard to imagine the development of these populations’ living standards in the near future. These NGOs are themselves victims of their strong political and financial dependency and most of them disappear straight after the execution of their first project. Therefore, we examined why these organizations have such a low survival rate. In our quest to find valuable answers to these questions, case studies, qualitative and quantitative methodologies and further scientific approaches have been used.

Keywords: Local NGOs, Donors, Beneficiaries, Local development, Resource capture, Sustainability, Sustainability process, Internal organization, Context, Environment, Economic, Stakeholders, Relationship, Sustainability, Social projects.

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