BSI Luxembourg ASBL
Château de Wiltz
Mohamad Gakou is the Managing Director of the Institute of Political Science International Relations and Communications (ISPRIC), the General Director of Gakou Academic Complex (CSUG), and the Chairman of Nexus Holding, composed of Nexus Trading, Nexus Technology, Nexus Medical and Nexus Fashion.
He is also Associate Managing Director of the International Coaching and Business Development Support Agency (CICADE) and the Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Industrial Industries of Africa (SIA). Mr. Gakou is a consultant for the WTO, African Union, ECOWAS, ITC, Export Promotion Agency (APEX MALI).
Mr. Gakou holds a Bachelor's Degree in Business Administration, a Master's Degree in Marketing and Business Engineering, and a doctorate in Business Administration from the Business Science Institute (BSI) Luxembourg and CESAG / DAKAR. His research focuses on "Stakeholders in the Sustainability of Private Institutions of Higher Education".
Les parties prenantes dans la pérennité des Établissements Privés d’Enseignement Supérieur.
[Stakeholders in the Sustainability of Private Institutions of Higher Education]
Our theme was stakeholders in the sustainability of private institutions of higher education.
Our interest in this theme has led to our research first in the history of higher education institutions in Mali through an inventory and use of multiple resources including: texts, interviews and testimonies of managers and personalities of the higher education in Mali.
This meticulous and exhilarating work allowed us to understand the operation, the different mutations, the differences in the situation and, above all, the conditions that motivated the liberalization of this sub-sector that is higher education.
It was then a question of evaluating the reality experienced by private institutions of higher education in order to note the difficulties that threaten their longevity.
Finally, the polysemous nature of the word "longevity" has forced us to choose a topic that brings together all the actors involved in the existence of private institutions of higher education and at the same time to find a unifying concept for all the actors involved in view of our quality and status as a manager of EPES.
This research is not intended to measure or assess the sustainability and legitimacy of private institutions of higher education. It focuses on the creation of an environment conducive to their sustainability, given the factual findings that have made or are making the legitimacy of private institutions of higher education difficult.
Thus, through our investigations, we found a sort of "orphanage" of the private institutions of higher education vis-a-vis the state and through its various departments, namely the administration, taxation, land...
International accreditation and monitoring institutions as well as employers and consumers are not less marginal of this non-involvement.
Moreover, the Stakeholder Theory, which has been the subject of numerous scientific publications and productions, is the one we have adopted in order to better understand all the dimensions and to handle the subject properly. Starting with the key words or phrases, we have given ourselves the means to mobilize literary resources that deal with the sustainability of private institutions of higher education in various forms.
We selected quantitative measures through questionnaires sent to 600 people. 473 surveys were answered with a participation of 53 teachers.
In terms of qualitative measures, we have had the privilege of conducting numerous interviews with personalities and other actors directly related to higher education. These actors and personalities include ministers and former ministers of higher education in Mali, the Secretary General of CAMES (African and Malagasy Council for Higher Education), the Director General of Higher Education of the Commission of the WAEMU, the President of AEPES (Association of Promoters of Private Institution of Higher Education), Higher Education Technical Advisors in addition to promoters and other leaders in of private institutions of higher education. Conducted for an average duration of 40 minutes, these interviews were used in the most optimal way. Focus groups of employers from twelve employers' organizations were also set up. The Sphinx software was used to collect and process the various information collected.
Interpretation of results
To better interpret the results obtained, it seemed necessary to split our subject into two groups: the macro-environment and the micro-environment. The decryption of the results made it possible to know the level of current involvement and the intentions of stakeholder involvement. They also served as a basis for formulating managerial recommendations focused on taking into account the interests of each party with the aim of grouping together all the key actors around the sustainability of the EPES.
Keys words: Stakeholder, Sustainability